关于屁的社会学研究
A Sociological Study of the Fart

在我们的日常生活经验中,屁是人类身体功能的自然表达,属于生理现象的范畴;但同时,在日常生活观念中,它又被冠以一种“不文明”的行为和现象,被归入社会忌讳的范畴,为世人所不齿。本文得以立论的根基在于笔者把持这样一个观点:“屁”并不单纯是一种生理现象,而且同时也是一种社会现象,与人们所处的社会结构和社会场景具有某种对应关系,或者说,屁行为及现象明显地表现为一种社会性的存在,具有社会学意义。本文首先交代了屁作为生理现象的相关原理以及作为社会忌讳的种种表征。其次,深入分析了屁行为及现象如何从一种生理行为转化为一种社会忌讳的社会发生学过程,从中揭示了这一运作过程的复杂机制,即从无差别的人类行为到更经常地发生在部分社会成员中的行为,再到道德评价中的否定性行为,最终演化为一种社会忌讳的存在形态。本文认为这个发生学过程来源于权力运作的诡异特性,即两面性、依附性和公共性。再次,探讨了“无所忌讳”的屁行为及现象,认为这种现象本质上反映了屁行为及现象的忌讳存在形态,并与权力运作的诡异特性相联系。最后分析了屁忌讳的前途和命运,指出,随着当代社会某些结构性特征的新变化,饮食将不再成为社会差异的重要特征,针对屁的忌讳具有向自然回归的可能性。

In our daily life experience, fart is natural expression of the human body, belonging to the category of physiological phenomena. But at the same time, fart is supposed to be an uncivilized behavior and phenomena and fallen under the social taboo things. This thesis starts with the author’s related opinion that fart is not only a pure physiological phenomena but also a social phenomena, which gets some corresponding relationship with the social structure an social context that people are located. In other words, fart behavior and phenomena obviously embodies a kind of social existence, and then it gets its sociological meaning. Then, this thesis analyzes the social genetic process that how fart behavior and phenomena transfers from a kind of physiological phenomena to that of social taboo, and opens out the complicated mechanism among it, namely, from indistinctive human behavior to behavior more frequently happened among parts of the social members, then to the negative behavior in the moral judgment, and finally evolves a kind of social taboo. This thesis considers this genetic process comes from the erratic characteristics of the power exercise, i.e., duality, reliance and publicity. Then, it probes into the non- taboo fart behavior and phenomena, and considers that this phenomenon reflects the existence of the taboo, and it is also related with the erratic characteristics of the power exercise. The thesis finally analyzes the fart taboo’s future and fate, and points out that the fart taboo will probably returns to natural along with the new changes of the social structure and food no longer as the important character of the social difference.

屁行为及现象; 社会发生学; 社会忌讳; 社会差异; 权力运作;

fart behavior and phenomena; social genetics; social taboo; social difference; power exercise;

李亚雄;

C913.3

6849362136K