大学生睡眠质量与孤独感的相关性
Correlation between sleep quality and loneliness for college students

目的:了解大学生睡眠质量与孤独感的相关性,为关注其心理健康提供实证依据。方法:分层随机抽取370名大学生使用睡眠状况自评量表(SRSS)和UCLA孤独量表(UCLA Loneliness Scale)进行施测,以SPSS17.0进行统计分析。结果:(1)大学生睡眠障碍检出率为38.00%。其中,轻度睡眠问题为33.43%,中度睡眠问题为4.29%,重度睡眠问题为0.28%;(2)女大学生睡眠质量总分、睡眠不足因子分、睡眠质量因子分、觉醒不足因子分、睡眠时间因子分、失眠后反应因子分均高于男大学生(t=-2.351,-4.093,-2.165,-2.574,-2.657,-2.609;P<0.05);大三年级大学生睡眠质量总分、觉醒不足因子分、入睡困难因子分、睡眠不稳因子分、噩梦夜惊因子分均高于其他年级(F=4.107,3.042,2.882,3.148,5.396;P<0.05)。城市成长的大学生睡眠时间因子分高于农村成长的大学生(t=2.315,P<0.05)。农村成长的大学生入睡困难因子分、失眠后反应因子分高于城市成长大学生(t=-2.028,-2.545;P<0.05)。非独生子女大学生睡眠不稳因子分、噩梦夜惊因子分高于独生子女大学生(t=-2.183,-2.156,P<0.05);(3)大学生高孤独感组在睡眠质量总分、觉醒不足、睡眠时间、入睡困难、睡眠不稳、早醒、噩梦惊醒、服药情况、失眠后反应各因子分均高于低孤独感组(t=-4.947,-2.982,-3.290,-4.349,-3.579,-3.458,-3.010,-2.430,-2.171;P<0.05);(4)Pearson相关分析显示,大学生睡眠质量总分、睡眠不足、觉醒不足、睡眠时间、入睡困难、睡眠不稳、早醒、噩梦惊醒、服药情况、失眠后反应各因子均与孤独感呈正相关(r=0.339,0.112,0.202,0.163,0.280,0.224,0.201,0.264,0.133,0.181;P<0.05)。结论:高孤独感大学生睡眠质量较差,应给予关注。

Objective:To understand the correlation between sleep quality and loneliness for college students so as to provide an empirical basis for their mental health.Methods:Total 370 college students were sampled stratified randomly and finished Self-Rating Scale of Sleep(SRSS)and UCLA Loneliness Scale test.The data were analyzed by SPSS17.0.Results:(1)The detection rate of sleep disorder for college students was 38.00%;in which the mild sleep disorder was 33.43%and the moderate was 4.29%and the severe was 0.28%.(2)The total scores of sleep quality and the factor scores of sleep lack,the factor scores of sleep quality,the factor scores of awareness lack,the factor scores of sleep time,the factor scores of post-insomnia reaction for the female college students were higher than those of the male college students(t=-2.351,-4.093,-2.165,-2.574,-2.657,-2.609;P<0.05).The total scores of sleep quality and the factor scores of awareness lack,the factor scores of sleep difficulty,the factor scores of sleep instability,the factor scores of nightmares night terrors in the third grade college students were higher than that in the other grade college students(F=4.107,3.042,2.882,3.148,5.396;P<0.05).The factor scores of sleep time of the urban college students were higher than those of the rural college students(t=2.315,P<0.05).The factor scores of sleep difficulty and the factor scores of post-insomnia reaction for the rural college students were higher than those of the urban college students(t=-2.028,-2.545;P<0.05).The factor scores of sleep instability and the factor scores of nightmares night terrors of the non only college students were higher than those of the only college students(t=-2.183,-2.156;P<0.05).(3)The total scores of sleep quality and the factor scores of awareness lack,the factor scores of sleep time,the factor scores of sleep difficulty,the factor scores of sleep instability,the factor scores of awake early,the factor scores of nightmares night terrors,the factor scores of medication situation and the factor scores of postinsomnia reaction of the college students with higher loneliness group were higher than those of the college students with lower loneliness group(t=-4.947,-2.982,-3.290,-4.349,-3.579,-3.458,-3.010,-2.430,-2.171;P<0.05).(4)The Pearson correlation was significantly positive between the total scores of sleep quality,the factor scores of sleep lack,the factor scores of awareness lack,the factor scores of sleep time,the factor scores of sleep difficulty,the factor scores of sleep instability,the factor scores of awake early,the factor scores of nightmares night terrors,the factor scores of medication situation and the factor scores of post-insomnia reaction for college students and loneliness(r=0.339,0.112,0.202,0.163,0.280,0.224,0.201,0.264,0.133,0.181;P<0.05).Conclusion:Sleep quality is poor for the college students with higher loneliness.

睡眠质量; 孤独感; 大学生; 睡眠状况自评量表; UCLA孤独量表;

Sleep quality; Loneliness; College students; SRSS; UCLA Loneliness Scale;

10.13342/j.cnki.cjhp.2019.01.008

R740

118729-335151K