德国完全中学毕业考试的改革:基于考试科目及高校入学权的考察
The Reforms of Abitur in Germany: Exploration of Examination Subjects and University Admission

德国的完全中学毕业考试相当于中国的高考,其历史可以追溯到十八世纪末。这门历史悠久的考试在上世纪七十年代经历了重大改革,而改革之后的高考至今依然不断地得到调整。本文以考试科目和高校入学资格为视角,重点考察了德国的完全中学毕业考试在1972年以来的改革历程。

The German high school final exam(Abitur) is equivalent to the College Entrance Examination in China. Its History dates back to the end of the eighteenth century. This long-established examination experienced major reforms in the 1970 s and is constantly adjusted after the reforms. This article introduces the history and recent status of Germany’s Abitur and focuses on the reform process of this examination since 1972 from the perspective of examination subjects and college entrance qualifications.

完全中学毕业考试; 高考改革; 高校入学资格;

Abitur; reforms of Abitur; university admission;

G632.474;G639.516

全球教育展望

Global Education

2019year08issue

ISSN:1009-9670

Core Journals of China

100100-11516241K